KRA (Key Result Area) is the set of activities on which our performances are rated.actives which have impact on the bottom line of business.
Key Result Area in simple Terms may be defined as Primary responsibilities of an Individual. The core area which each person is accountable. KRA's varies from Individual to Individual. Employees are predominantly appraised on their mutually agreed KRA's.
KRA' are always developed after the definition of "Job Purpose". Job purpose is understanding the requirement for the job.
To elucidate some eg. of KRA's for some Generic roles- KRA's of a HR manager may be - Staffing.Training and Development.Compensation Planning and Administration.Statutory Compliance. etc...
KRAs ===Key Result Areas “Key Result Areas” or KRAs refer to general areas of outcomes or outputs for which a role is responsible. A typical role targets three to five KRAs.
Identifying KRAs helps individuals: · Clarify their roles · Align their roles to the organisation’s business or strategic plan · Focus on results rather than activities · Communicate their role’s purposes to others · Set goals and objectives · Prioritize their activities, and therefore improve their time/work management · Make value-added decisions
Key result areas (KRAs) capture about 80% of a work role. The remainder of the role is usually devoted to areas of shared responsibility (e.g., helping team members, participating in activities for the good of the organisation).
KRA provides the management with a tool and a process to measure the performance of people practices and the HR function from multiple perspectives:
1. Strategic Perspective — the results of strategic initiatives managed by the HR group. The strategic perspective focuses on the measurement of the effectiveness of major strategy-linked people goals. For instance, the business strategy called for major organizational change programs as the business faced major restructuring and multiple mergers and acquisitions. In this context, the organization’s change management capability will be a key factor in the success or failure of its execution. Therefore, measuring the ability of the business to manage change effectively is the core measure of the effectiveness of HR and will be a key strategic contribution to the future success of the business.
2.Operational Perspective — the operational tasks at which HR must excel. This piece of the Balanced Scorecard provides answers to queries about the effectiveness and efficiency in running HR processes that are vital to the organization. Examples include measuring HR processes in terms of cost, quality and cycle time such as time to fill vacancies.
3.Financial Perspective — this perspective tries to answer questions relating to the financial measures that demonstrate how people and the HR function add value to the organization. This might include arriving at the value of the human assets and total people expenses for the company. HR
4.Customer Perspective — this focuses on the effectiveness of HR from the internal customer viewpoint. Are the customers of HR satisfied with their service; are service level agreements met; do the customers think they can get better service elsewhere? Conducting an HR customer survey might typically arrive at this.