(a) to industrial establishments in which less than fifty workmen on an average per working day have been employed in the preceding calendar month; or
b) to industrial establishments which are of a seasonal character or in which work is performed only intermittently.
(2) If a question arises whether an industrial establishment is of a seasonal character or whether work is performed therein only intermittently, the decision of the appropriate government thereon shall be final.
126[Explanation: In this section and in sections 25C, 25D and 25E, "industrial establishment" means-
i) a factory as defined in clause (m) of section 2 of the Factories Act, 1948 (63 of 1948); or
ii) a mine as defined in clause (j) of section 2 of the Mines Act, 1952 (35 of 1952); or
iii) a plantation as defined in clause (f) of section 2 of the Plantations Labour Act, 1951 (69 of 1951)]
127[25B. Definition of continuous serviceFor the purposes of this Chapter,-
1) a workman shall be said to be in continuous service for a period if he is, for that period, in uninterrupted service, including service which may be interrupted on account of sickness or authorised leave or an accident or a strike which is not illegal, or a lock-out or a cessation of work which is not due to any fault on the part of the workman;
(a) for a period of one year, if the workman, during a period of twelve calendar months preceding the date with reference to which calculation is to be made, has actually worked under the employer for not less than-
(b) for a period of six months, if the workman, during a period of six calendar months preceding the date with reference to which calculation is to be made, has actually worked under the employer for not less than-
i) ninety-five days, in the case of a workman employed below ground in a mine; and
ii) one hundred and twenty days, in any other case.
Explanation: For the purposes of clause (2), the number of days on which workman has actually worked under an employer shall include the days on which-
(i) he has been laid-off under an agreement or as permitted by standing orders made under the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946 (20 of 1946), or under this Act or under any other law applicable to the industrial establishment;
(ii) he has been on leave with full wages, earned in the previous year;
(iii) he has been absent due to temporary disablement caused by accident arising out of and in the course of his employment; and
(iv) in the case of a female, she has been on maternity leave; so, however, that the total period of such maternity leave does not exceed twelve weeks.]
128[25C. Right of workmen laid-off for compensationWhenever a workman (other than a badli workman or a casual workman) whose name is borne on the muster rolls of an industrial establishment and who has completed not less than one year of continuous service under an employer is laid-off, whether continuously or intermittently, he shall be paid by the employer for all days during which he is so laid-off, except for such weekly holidays as may intervene, compensation which shall be equal to fifty per cent, of the total of the basic wages and dearness allowance that would have been payable to him had he not been so laid-off:
PROVIDED that if during any period of twelve months, a workman is so laid-off for more than forty-five days, no such compensation shall be payable in respect of any period of the lay-off after the expiry of the first forty-five days, if there is an agreement to that effect between the workman and the employer:
PROVIDED FURTHER that it shall be lawful for the employer in any case falling within the foregoing proviso to retrench the workman in accordance with the provisions contained in section 25F at any time after the expiry of the first forty five days of the lay off and when he does so, any compensation paid to the workman for having been laid off during the preceding twelve months may be set off against the compensation payable for retrenchments.
Explanation: "Badli workman" means a workman who is employed in an industrial establishment in the place of another workman whose name is borne on the muster rolls of the establishment, but shall cease to be regarded as such for the purposes of this. section, if he has completed one year of continuous service in the establishment.]
25D. Duty of an employer to maintain muster rolls of workmenNotwithstanding that workmen in any industrial establishment have been laid-off, it shall be the duty of every employer to maintain for the purposes of this Chapter a muster roll, and to provide for the making of entries therein by workmen who may present themselves for work at the establishment at the appointed time during normal working hours.
25E. Workmen not entitled to compensation in certain casesNo compensation shall be paid to a workman who has been laid-off-
(i) if he refuses to accept any alternative employment in the same establishment from which he has been laid off, or in any other establishment belonging to the same employer situate in the same town or village or situate within a radius of five miles from the establishment to which he belongs, if, in the opinion of. the employer, such alternative employment does not call. for any special skill or previous experience and can be done by the workman, provided that the wages which would normally have been paid to the workman are offered for the alternative employment also;
(ii) if he does not present himself for work at the establishment at the appointed time during normal working hours at least once a day;
(iii) if such laying-off is due to a strike or slowing-down of production on the part of workmen in another part of the establishment.
25F. Conditions precedent to retrenchment of workmenNo workman employed in any industry who has been in continuous service for not less than one year under an employer shall be retrenched by that employer until
a) the workman has been given one month’s notice in writing indicating the reasons for retrenchment and the period of notice has expired, or the workman has been paid in lieu of such notice, wages for the period of the notice;129[* * *]
(b) the workman has been paid, at the time of retrenchment, compensation which shall be equivalent to fifteen days’ average pay130[for every completed year of continuous service] or any part thereof in excess of six months; and (c) notice in the prescribed manner is served on the appropriate government 107[for such authority as may be specified by the appropriate government by notification in the Official Gazette].
131[25FF. Compensation to workmen in case of transfer of undertakingsWhere the ownership or management of an undertaking is transferred, whether by agreement or by operation of law, from the employer in relation to that undertaking to a new employer, every workman who has been in continuous service for not less than one year in that undertaking immediately before such transfer shall be entitled to notice and compensation in accordance with the provisions of section 25F, as if the workman had been retrenched:PROVIDED that nothing in this section shall apply to a workman in any case where there has been a change of employers by reason of the transfer, if-
(a) the service of the workman has not been interrupted by such transfer;
(b) the terms and conditions of service applicable to the workman after such transfer are not in any way less favourable to the workman than those applicable to him immediately before the transfer; and
(c) the new employer is under the terms of such transfer or otherwise, legally liable to pay to the workman, in the event of his retrenchment, compensation on the basis that his service has been continuous and has not been interrupted by the transfer.]
132[25FFA. Sixty days’ notice to be given of intention to close down any undertaking
(1) An employer who intends to close down an undertaking shall serve, at least sixty days before the date on which the intended closure is to become effective, a notice, in the prescribed manner, on the appropriate government stating clearly the reasons for the intended closure of the undertaking:PROVIDED that nothing in this section shall apply to-
(a) an undertaking in which-
(i) less than fifty workmen are employed, or
(ii) less than fifty workmen were employed on an average per working day in the preceding twelve months.
(b) an undertaking set up for the construction of buildings, bridges, roads, canals, dams or for other construction work or project.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the appropriate government may, if it is satisfied that owing to such exceptional circumstances as accident in the undertaking or death of the employer or the like, it is necessary so to do, by order, direct that provisions of sub-section (1) shall not apply in relation to such undertaking for such period as may be specified in the order.]
133[25FFF. Compensation to workmen in case of closing down of undertakings (1) Where an undertaking is closed down for any reason whatsoever, every workman who has been in continuous service for not less than one year in that undertaking immediately before such closure shall, subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), be entitled to notice and compensation in accordance with the provisions of section 25F, as if the workman had been retrenched:
PROVIDED that where the undertaking is closed down on account of unavoidable circumstances beyond the control of the employer, the compensation to be paid to the workman under clause (b) of section 25F, shall not exceed his average pay for three months:
134[Explanation: An undertaking which is closed down by reason merely of-
(i) financial difficulties (including financial losses); or
(ii) accumulation of undisputed off stocks; or
(iii) the expiry of the period of the lease or licence granted to it; or
(iv) in case where the undertaking is engaged in mining operations, exhaustion of the minerals in the area in which operations are carried on,shall not be deemed to be closed down on account of unavoidable circumstances beyond the control of the employer within the meaning of the proviso to this sub-section.]
135[(1A) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where an undertaking engaged in mining operations is closed down by reason merely of exhaustion of the minerals in the area in which such operations are carried on, no workman referred to in that sub-section shall be entitled to any notice or compensation in accordance with the provisions of section 25F, if-(a) the employer provides the workman with alternative employment with effect from the date of closure at the same remuneration as he was entitled to receive, and on the same terms and conditions of service as were applicable to him, immediately before the closure;
(b) the service of the workman has not been interrupted by such alternative employment; and
(c) the employer is , under the terms of such alternative employment or otherwise, legally liable to pay to the workman, in the event of his retrenchment, compensation on the basis that his service has been continuous and has not been interrupted by such alternative employment.(1B) For the purposes of sub-sections (l) and (1A), the expressions "minerals" and "mining operations" shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in clauses (a)and (d) of section 3 of the Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act, 1957 (67 of 1957).](2) Where any undertaking set up for the construction of buildings, bridges, roads, canals, dams, or other construction work is closed down on account of the completion of the work within two years from the date on which the undertaking had been set up, no workman employed therein shall be entitled to any compensation under clause (b) of section 25F, but if the construction work is not so completed within two years, he shall be entitled to notice and compensation under that section for every 136[completed year of continuous service] or any part thereof in excess of six months].
25G. Procedure for retrenchment Where any workman in an industrial establishment who is a citizen of India, is to be retrenched and he belongs to a particular category of workmen in that establishment, in the absence of any agreement between the employer and the workman in this behalf, the employer shall ordinarily retrench the workman who was the last person to be employed in that category, unless for reasons to be recorded the employer retrenches any other workman.
25H. Re-employment of retrenched workmenWhere any workmen are retrenched, and the employer proposes to take into his employ any persons, he shall, in such manner as may be prescribed, give an opportunity 127[to the retrenched workmen who are citizens of India to offer themselves for re-employment, and such retrenched workmen] who offer themselves for re-employment shall have preference over other persons.
25-I. Recovery of moneys due from employers under this Chapter[Repealed by the Industrial Disputes (Amendment and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1956 (36 of 1956), s. 19 w.e.f. 10th. March, 1957]
25J. Effect of laws inconsistent with this Chapter (1) The provisions of this Chapter shall have effect notwithstanding anything in consistent therewith contained in any other law including standing orders made under the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946 (20 of 1946):
137[PROVIDED that where under the provisions of any other Act or Rules, orders or notifications issued thereunder or under any standing orders or any award, contract of service or otherwise, a workman is entitled to benefits in respect of any matter which are more favourable to him than those to which he would be entitled under this Act; the workman shall continue to be entitled to the more favourable benefits in respect of that matter, notwithstanding that he receives benefits in respect of other matters under this Act.]
(2) For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that nothing contained in this Chapter shall be deemed to affect the provisions of any other law for the time being in force in any State insofar as that law provides for the settlement of industrial disputes, but the rights and liabilities of employers and workmen insofar as they relate to lay-off and retrenchment shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter.]